Jonas Lau Markussen

Borre Style

c. 850 – 950

 

 

 

 

The Anatomy of Viking Art

 

 

 

Shapes

 

 

  1. Ribbons consisting of 2-3 lines.
  2. Tight knot-like interlace.
  3. Equal-sided (circle and square) geometric figures.
  4. Triangular animal head in front with protruding ears, round eyes and snout.
  5. Short and squat proportions.
  6. Spirals.

 

 

Outlines

 

 

Even outlines without indentations.

 

 

Flow

 

 

A. Multiloops.

B. Pretzel-knots.

 

 

Pattern

 

 

  • Very tight interlace with almost no visible background.
  • Ribbons consisting of 2-3 lines.
  • High relief.

 

 

Composition

 

 

  • Tight compositions of closed ribbons, knots and animals.
  • Repetition and juxtaposition of geometrical shapes (C, D).

 

 

Motifs

 

 

 

A. Knot animal – A type of motif which is seen on some metalworks of which the Borre mounts is the best known.

 

B. Gripping beast – The signature motif of the Borre style which is seen throughout Scandinavia.

 

C. Knots and interlace schemes – A type of motif seen on various brooches, mounts, pendants etc. throughout Scandinavia.

 

D. Ring chains (bottom left) and other ribbon interlace – A type of motif which is seen throughout Scandinavia.

 

 

 

Litterature

 

Graham-Campbell, James, 2013. Viking Art.

 

Fuglesang, Signe Horn, 1982. ‘Early Viking Art.’ Acta ad Archaeologiam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia (Series altera in 8°) 125–173.

The Anatomy of Viking Art

The Anatomy of Viking Art


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