Jonas Lau Markussen

Broa Style

c. 750 – 825




The Anatomy of Viking Art







  1. Lappets with triple tendril-like terminals.
  2. Head depicted in profile.
  3. Round eyes.
  4. Round curled  snout.
  5. Small and slightly curved mouth.
  6. Head-lappet protruding from the head.
  7. Limbs rendered into extremely elongated tendrils.
  8. Open hips dissolved into looping tendril interlace.






Curvy outlines with occasional kinks.






Almost geometric curves with double and triple loops.

A. Pear-shaped loops.

B. Multi-loops.

C. Triquetra-loops.

D. S-shapes.






  • Semi-tight interlace with little visible background.
  • Double contour occur.
  • Single-stranded ribbons.






  • Clear composition almost to the point of geometry.
  • Repetition of basic compositional lines.
  • A sense for counterpoint composition.
  • Apparent symmetry in the composition – However, difference in the detail (C).
  • Compositions often divided or separated by framework (A, B).
  • Juxtaposition of different types of motifs (B).






A. A single animal crossing the framework – A type of motif known from the Broa mounts.

B. Two birds, two quadrupeds and a Gripping Beast divided by framework  – A type of motif known from the Broa mounts.

C. Two s-shaped animals – A type of motif known from several brooches.

D. A single s-shaped animal – A type of motif known from several brooches.








Graham-Campbell, James, 2013. Viking Art.


Fuglesang, Signe Horn, 1982. ‘Early Viking Art.’ Acta ad Archaeologiam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia (Series altera in 8°) 125–173.





The Anatomy of Viking Art

The Anatomy of Viking Art

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