Jonas Lau Markussen

Jelling Style

c. 900 – 975





The Anatomy of Viking Art







  1. Solid bodies.
  2. Neck tendrils.
  3. Curled lip-lappets.
  4. Head in profile.
  5. Open jaws.
  6. Pellets intersecting limbs at joints.
  7. Round eyes.
  8. Spirals representing hip joints.






Even outlines without indentations.






  • S-shapes.
  • Geometric regularity.






  • Semi-open loops.
  • Double-stranded ribbons.
  • Contours.
  • Striated ribbons.







  • Ribbon-animals.
  • Simple S-shaped compositions (A, C).
  • Jelling style ribbon-animals in Borre style compositions (B).






A. Two S-shaped ribbon-animals intertwined – A type of motif which is seen on the Jelling cup (from which the Jelling style got its name) and some harness-bows from Mammen.


B. Three S-shaped ribbon-animals intertwined in pretzel knots – A type of motif which is seen on many brooches in a more intricate Borre-style inspired composition.


C. Two mirrored S-shaped ribbon-animals  – A type of motif which is seen on several brooches and mounts.











Graham-Campbell, James, 2013. Viking Art.


Fuglesang, Signe Horn, 1982. ‘Early Viking Art.’ Acta ad Archaeologiam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia (Series altera in 8°) 125–173.



The Anatomy of Viking Art

The Anatomy of Viking Art

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