Jonas Lau Markussen

Jelling Style

c. 900 – 975





The Anatomy of Viking Art







  1. Solid bodies.
  2. Neck tendrils.
  3. Curled lip-lappets.
  4. Head in profile.
  5. Open jaws.
  6. Pellets intersecting limbs at joints.
  7. Round eyes.
  8. Spirals representing hip joints.






Even outlines without indentations.






  • S-shapes.
  • Geometric regularity.






  • Semi-open loops.
  • Double-stranded ribbons.
  • Contours.
  • Striated ribbons.







  • Ribbon-animals.
  • Simple S-shaped compositions (A, C).
  • Jelling style ribbon-animals in Borre style compositions (B).






A. Two S-shaped ribbon-animals intertwined – A type of motif which is seen on the Jelling cup (from which the Jelling style got its name) and some harness-bows from Mammen.


B. Three S-shaped ribbon-animals intertwined in pretzel knots – A type of motif which is seen on many brooches in a more intricate Borre-style inspired composition.


C. Two mirrored S-shaped ribbon-animals  – A type of motif which is seen on several brooches and mounts.






Graham-Campbell, James, 2013. Viking Art.


Fuglesang, Signe Horn, 1980. Some Aspects of the Ringerike Style.


Fuglesang, Signe Horn, 1981. ‘Stylistic Groups in Late Viking and Early Romanesque Art.’ Acta ad Archaeologiam et Artium Historiam Pertinentia (Series altera in 8°) 79–125.

The Anatomy of Viking Art

The Anatomy of Viking Art

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