Jonas Lau Markussen

Profile 2

In the same series:


The Runestone Styles


The Styles


The Stones




Pr 2


c. 1020 – 1050




Characterisation of the style

As defined by Anne-Sofie Gräslund



Overall impression

Most often unresilliant and angular, although less so than in Pr 1. The rune animals are rather substantial, but there are also some thinner examples.



Characterised by a concave line from ear to nose tip.



Round or drop formed, sometimes with a point in it.



High set, erect or slightly bent forward.



Normally open, sometimes with a tongue, the upper lip and the nose tip strongly bent upwards. There is often a balance between the upward line of the ear and that of the nose. Distinct, round lip lappet. Marked lower lip in a semicircular bow.



Occur only seldom, slightly rounded on short legs.



Rolled up, often with a thickened end and a thumb-like protuberance downwards. The rolled tail and the protuberance generally correspond to the shape of the head.


Additional snakes

Occur seldom, a neck crest or a union knot is sometimes transformed into long tendrils, giving the same decorative impression as a snake.



One (sometimes two) rune animal(s) along the edge is the most typical layout.


Union Knot

Occur generally.



Very frequent.






Danske Runeindskrifter,

Gräslund, Anne-Sofie, 2006. ‘Dating the Swedish Viking-Age rune stones on stylistic grounds’. Runes and their Secrets – Studies in runology.

The Scandinavian Runic-text Data Base.

Sveriges runinskrifter.


Examples of Runestones in Pr 2

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