Jonas Lau Markussen

Runestone Sö 9

The carvings of the stone are in the runestone style B-e-v (c. 1010-1050) pertaining to the Ringerike style and contemporary with Pr 1 and Pr 2.

The inscription is not signed.

The granite stone is c. 2,05 m tall and 1,48 m wide across the bottom and 1,23 m across the top of the inscription.


Runic inscription

The first part of the rune text begins at the head end of the serpent to the left. The second part of the rune text begins at the tail end of the serpent to the right. The third goes across the bottom half of the stone upside down between the two serpents. The four last parts shoots out diagonally from the centre of the cross fanning out clockwise around it starting from the top right quarter.



[1] ᛒᛅᚱᚴᚢᛁᚦᚱ × ᛅᚢᚴ × ᚦᚢ ᛬ ᚼᛂᛚᚴᛅ × ᚱᛅᛁᛋᛏᚢ × ᛋᛏᛅᛁᚾ × [2] ᚦᛅᚾᛋᛁ ᛬ ᛅᛏ ᛫ ᚢᛚᚠ ᛬ ᛋᚢᚾ + ᛋᛁᚾᛏ ᛫ ᚼᛅᚾ × [3] ᛂᚾᛏᛅᚦᛁᛋ + ᛘᛁᚦ : ᛁᚴᚢᛅᚱᛁ + [4] ᚴᚢᚦ + [5] ᚼᛁᛅᛚᛒᛁ [6] ᛋᛅᛚᚢ [7] ᚢᛚᚠᛋ ×



barkuiþr × auk × þu : helka × raistu × stain × þansi : at * ulf : sun + sint * han × entaþis + miþ : ikuari + kuþ + hialbi + salu ulfs ×


Old Norse

Bergviðr/Barkviðr ok þau Hælga ræistu stæin þannsi at Ulf, sun sinn. Hann ændaðis með Ingvari. Guð hialpi salu Ulfs.



Bergviðr/Barkviðr and Helga, they raised this stone in memory of Ulfr, their son. He met his end with Ingvarr. May God help Ulfr’s soul.



Sö 9 is one of c. 30 so-called Ingvar Runestones commemorating those who died following Ingvar the Far-Travelled on a viking expedition going far down the eastern trade routes of Europe.

Learn more about Ingvar and his fatal viking expedition here:

The Ingvar Expedition



Lifsinge, Södermanland, Sweden

Sö 9

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