Jonas Lau Markussen

Runestone U 860

The carvings of the stone are in the runestone style Pr 3 (c. 1045-1075) pertaining to the early Urnes style.


Though the inscription is not signed, it is attributed to the runemaster Åsmund for stylistic reasons.


The granite stone is c. 1,70 m tall and 1,43 m wide.



Runic inscription

The runic inscription starts at the neck of the animal to the left.



ᚠᛅ[ᛋ]ᛏᛒᛁᚢᚱᚾ ‘ ᚢᚴ ᚦᚢᚱᚢᚦᚱ ‘ ᛚᛁᛏᚢ ᚱᛁᛏᛅ ᛋᛏᛁᚿ ᚦᛁᚾᚭ ‘ [ᛅᛒᛏᛁᛦ ᛁᚾᚴᛁᚠᛅᛋᛏ ᛒᚢᛅᚾᛏᛅ ᛋᛁᚾ] ‘ [ᚴ](ᚢ)[ᛁ](ᚦ) ᛡᛁᛆ[ᛚ]ᛒᛁ ᛡᚭᚿᛋ ᛆᚿᛏ ᚢᚴ| |ᚴᚢᚦᛋ (ᛘ)ᚢᚦᛁᛦ



fa[s]tbiurn ‘ uk þuruþr ‘ litu rita stin þino ‘ [abtiʀ inkifast buanta sin] ‘ [k](u)[i](þ) hia[l]bi hons ant uk| |ku(þ)s (m)uþiʀ


Old Norse

Fastbiorn ok Þoruðr letu retta stæin þenna æftiʀ Ingifast, boanda sinn. Guð hialpi hans and ok Guðs moðiʀ.



Fastbjǫrn and Thórunnr had this stone erected in memory of Ingifastr, their husbandman. May God and God’s mother help his spirit.



Måsta, Uppland, Sweden U 860

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