Jonas Lau Markussen

Runestone U 992

The carvings of the stone are in the runestone style B-e-v (c. 1010-1050) pertaining to the Ringerike style and contemporary with Pr 1 and Pr 2.

 

The inscription is not signed.

 

The remaining fragment of the granite stone is c. 0,90 m tall and 1,35 m wide.

 

 

Runic inscription

The first part of the rune text begins at the head end of the animal to the right. The second part of the rune text begins at the head end of the animal to the left.

 

Runes

[1] … (ᚢ)ᛋᛏᛅᛁᚾ × ᚠᚯᚦᚢᚱ×ᚠᚯᚦᚢᚱ × ᛋᛁᚾ × ᛅᚢᚴ × ᛅᛏ × [2] ᛬ ᚴᚢᚦᛋᚱᛁᚴ + ᚠᚯᚦᚢᚱ × ᛋᛁᚾ × ᛅᚢᚴ × ᛅᛏ × ᚴᚢᚾᚢ …

 

Transliteration

… …(u)stain × foþur×foþur × sin × auk × at ×: kuþsrik + foþur × sin × auk × at × kunu …

 

Old Norse

… [Ø]ystæin, faðurfaður sinn, ok at Guðrik(?), faður sinn, ok at Gunnu …

 

English

… his father’s father Eysteinn, and in memory of Guðríkr(?), his father, and in memory of Gunna …

 

Notes

The content of the inscription attests that a man raised the stone in memory of his father’s father Eysteinn, his father Guðríkr and his mother Gunna.

 

Though what remains of the stone is only fragmentary, it is possible to reconstruct its ornamentation and content reasonably accurately. Runic inscriptions and ornamental carvings like this one usually follow a particular formula. The remaining wording and design are even also very similar to that of the nearby U 990.

 

Here follows a plausible reconstruction of the inscription:

 

Runes:

[1][name] × ᚱᛅᛁᛋᛏᛁ × ᛋᛏᛅᛁᚾ × ᚦᛅᚾᛅ × ᛅᛏ × ᚢᛋᛏᛅᛁᚾ × ᚠᚯᚦᚢᚱ×ᚠᚯᚦᚢᚱ × ᛋᛁᚾ × ᛅᚢᚴ × ᛅᛏ × [2] ᛬ ᚴᚢᚦᛋᚱᛁᚴ + ᚠᚯᚦᚢᚱ × ᛋᛁᚾ × ᛅᚢᚴ × ᛅᛏ × ᚴᚢᚾᚢ × ᚴᚢᚦ ᚼᛁᛅᛚᛒᛁ ᚯᛏ ᚦᛅᛁᛦᛅ ×

 

Transliteration:

[name] raisti × stain × þana × at × ustain × foþur×foþur × sin × auk × at ×: kuþsrik + foþur × sin × auk × at × kunu × moþur × sina × kuþ hialbi ot þaÍRa.

 

English:

[name] raised this stone in memory of his father’s father Eysteinn, and in memory of Guðríkr(?), his father, and in memory of his mother Gunna. May God help their spirits.

 

U 992 is part of the Broby group pertaining to a bridge monument raised by a prominent family of the Funbo area near Uppsala.

 

Learn more about the Broby stones

 

 

———

Broby, Uppland, Sweden

U 992

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