Jonas Lau Markussen

U 898

The carvings of the rock face are in the runestone style Pr 4 (c. 1070-1100) pertaining to the Urnes style.


The inscription is signed by the runemaster Øpir.


The carving is c. 1,48 m tall and 1,51 m wide.



Runic inscription

The rune text begins at the tail end of the animal.



ᛅᛚᛁ ᛫ ᚢᚴ ᛫ ᛁᚢᚠᚢᚱᚠᛅᛋᛏ ᛫ ᛚᛁᛏᚢ ᛫ ᚵᛂᚱᛅ ᛫ ᛘᛂᚱᚴᛁ ᛫ ᛁᚠᛏᛁᛦ ᛁᛅᚱᛚ ᚠᛅᚦᚢᚱ ᛋᛁᚾ ᛫ ᚢᚴ ᛫ ᛅᛏ ᛫ ᚴᛁᛋᛚ ᛫ ᛅᛏ ᛫ ᛁᚴᛁᛘᚢᚾᛏ ᚼᛅᚾ ᛫ ᚢᛅᚱ ᛫ ᛏᚱᛂᛒᛁᚾ ᛫ ᚼᚢᛋᛏᚱ ᛫ ᛋᚢᚾ ᛫ ᛁᛅᚱᛚᛋ ᚤᛒᛁᚱ ᚱᛁᛋᛏᛁ



ali ‘ uk ‘ iufurfast * litu ‘ gera ‘ merki ‘ iftiʀ iarl faþur sin ‘ uk ‘ at ‘ kisl ‘ uk ‘ at ‘ ikimunt han ‘ uaʀ ‘ trebin ‘ hustr ‘ sun ‘ iarls ybiʀ risti


Old Norse

Ali/Alli ok Iofurfast letu gæra mærki æftiR Iarl, faður sinn, ok at Gisl ok at Ingimund. Hann vaR drepinn austr, sunn Iarls. ØpiR risti.



Áli/Alli and Jǫfurfast had the landmark made in memory of Jarl, their father, and in memory of Gísl and in memory of Ingimundr. He, Jarl’s son, was killed in the east. Œpir carved.




Norby, Uppland, Sweden

U 898



Get more content like this directly in your inbox for free

You'll receive an email newsletter every other week, and you can easily cancel at anytime.