Jonas Lau Markussen

Style II D

The Anatomy of Germanic Art






This article is a work in progress and will be updated.


Sign up for the newsletter below to get notified when new content is published.




The Anatomy of Style II D


c. 700 – 775






1. Lappets with double- or triple-tendril frond terminals.
2. Angled transition between neck and body ribbon occur.
3. Head in profile.
4. Round Eyes.
5. Oval and Boat-shaped Eyes.
6. Short open frond-like jaws.
7. Downward-curving and closed beak-like jaws.
8. Pointy chin.
9. Head-lappets occur.
10. Almond shaped hips with a free-floating sphere in the centre.
11. Feather-like feet with toe-fronds.
12. Open leaf-like feet with curved outlines.
13. Curling back-toes occur.





Even outlines without tapering or indents.





A preference for even and geometric curves.


A. S-shapes.
B. Single loops.
C. Pretzel-knots.
D. Triquetra-knots.





  • Semi-open interlace with some visible background.
  • Single-stranded ribbons.
  • Double-stranded ribbons.
  • Triple-stranded ribbons.






  • An absence of main compositional lines (A, B, D).
  • Compositions based on line-symmetrical S-shapes (A, B).
  • Larger single animals in profile with lesser interlacing S-shaped ribbon-animal (D).
  • Triskellion or swastika compositions of 3-fold and 4-fold rotational-symmetrical animal heads (C).






  • S-shaped ribbon animals (A, B, D).
  • Four-legged animals (A, B, C, D).
  • Birds of prey (D).





Get notified when this article is updated

Sign up for the newsletter to get more content about the Germanic art styles.