Jonas Lau Markussen

Style II D

The Anatomy of Germanic Art

 

 

 

 

 

This article is a work in progress and will be updated.

 

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The Anatomy of Style II D

 

c. 700 – 775

 

 

 

Shapes

 

1. Lappets with double- or triple-tendril frond terminals.
2. Angled transition between neck and body ribbon occur.
3. Head in profile.
4. Round Eyes.
5. Oval and Boat-shaped Eyes.
6. Short open frond-like jaws.
7. Downward-curving and closed beak-like jaws.
8. Pointy chin.
9. Head-lappets occur.
10. Almond shaped hips with a free-floating sphere in the centre.
11. Feather-like feet with toe-fronds.
12. Open leaf-like feet with curved outlines.
13. Curling back-toes occur.

 

 

Outlines

 

Even outlines without tapering or indents.

 

 

Flow

 

A preference for even and geometric curves.

 

A. S-shapes.
B. Single loops.
C. Pretzel-knots.
D. Triquetra-knots.

 

 

Pattern

 

  • Semi-open interlace with some visible background.
  • Single-stranded ribbons.
  • Double-stranded ribbons.
  • Triple-stranded ribbons.

 

 

 

Composition

 

  • An absence of main compositional lines (A, B, D).
  • Compositions based on line-symmetrical S-shapes (A, B).
  • Larger single animals in profile with lesser interlacing S-shaped ribbon-animal (D).
  • Triskellion or swastika compositions of 3-fold and 4-fold rotational-symmetrical animal heads (C).

 

 

 

Motifs

 

  • S-shaped ribbon animals (A, B, D).
  • Four-legged animals (A, B, C, D).
  • Birds of prey (D).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examples

 

 

Examples on Gelmir.com →

A list of examples with photos, info and links to sources.

 

 

 

Undateable

 

Animal head-shaped bead spreader — Kunsta

Kunsta, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 108956.

 

Animal head-shaped bead spreader — Öland

Öland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 416101.

 

Animal head-shaped Harness Mount

Stjørdal, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway.
Kulturhistorisk Museum, Oslo, C54762/1.

 

Animal-shaped brooches — Björkö

Björkö, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 106991.

 

Animal-shaped brooch — Lousgaard

Lousgaard, Bornholm, Denmark.
Nationalmuseet, København, C5607.

 

Animal-shaped brooch — Söderby

Söderby, Åland, Finland.
Kansallismuseo, Helsinki, KM5197:2.

 

Animal-shaped jewellery

Lousgaard, Bornholm, Denmark.
Nationalmuseet, København, C5709.

 

Bead spreader — Eke

Eke, Gotland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 274128.

 

Box brooch

Salmunds, Gotland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 453348.

 

Harness mounts — Vendel 108950

Vendel, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 108950.

 

Harness mounts — Vendel 273995; 3124593; 971469

Vendel, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 273995; 3124593; 971469.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Brønnøy, T14049/III_a.012

Brønnøy, Nordland, Norway.
NTNU Vitenskapsmuseet, Trondheim, T14049/III_a.012.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Brønnøy, T14049/III_a.013

Brønnøy, Nordland, Norway.
NTNU Vitenskapsmuseet, Trondheim, T14049/III_a.013.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Brønnøy, T14049/III_a.014

Brønnøy, Nordland, Norway.
NTNU Vitenskapsmuseet, Trondheim, T14049/III_a.014.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Kvarøen Ytre

Kvarøen Ytre, Nordland, Norway.
Norges Arktiske Universitetsmuseum, Tromsø, Ts6377/b.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Utakleiv

Utakleiv, Nordland, Norway.
UiT Norges Arktiske Universitetsmuseum, Tromsø, Ts3497/b.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Vandel

Vandel, Jylland, Denmark.
Nationalmuseet, København, C13494.

 

Rectangular Brooch

Billingstad, Viken, Norway.
Kulturhistorisk Museum, Oslo, C29928.

 

 

 

GemGem

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