Jonas Lau Markussen

ᚾ nauðr

Nauðr means need.



Stanza from the Icelandic Rune Poem:


Need is grief of the bond-maid
and state of oppression
and toilsome work.



Stanza from the Norwegian Rune Poem:


Need gives scant choice;
the naked is chilled by the frost.



LO: Long-branch
SH: Short-twig
ST: Staveless
VA: Variant
TW: Twig-runes
NO: Old Norse transliteration
EN: Modern English transliteration

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