Jonas Lau Markussen

Runestone U 276

The carvings of the stone are in the runestone style Pr 1 (c. 1010-1040) pertaining to the Ringerike style.


The inscription is not signed, but is in the so-called ‘Gunnar style’ similar to the style of the runemaster Gunnar.


The granite stone is c. 2,85 m tall and 1,69 m wide.


Runic inscription

The first part of the rune text begins at the tail end of the animal to the left (1). The word ‘ᚢᚴ/ok/and’ is placed outside the rune animal, at the place where it should have been included in the sentence (A). The second part of the rune text begins at the tail end of the animal to the right (2).



[1] ᛏᛁᚼᚱᚠᛦ ᛫ ᚢᚴ ᚭᚾᛏᛋᚢᛅᚱ ᛫ [A] ᚢᚴ ᚠᚢᛚᚢᚴᛁ ᛫ ᚦᛁᛦ ᛫ ᛚᛁᛏᚢ ᛫ ᚱᛁᛋᛅ ᛫ ᛋᛏᛁᚾ ᛁᚠᛏᛁᛦ ᛫ ᚴᛁᛦ [2] ᛒᛁᛅᚱᚾ ᛫ ᚠᛅᚦᚢᚱ ᛫ ᛋᛁᚾ ᛫ ᚴᚢᚦ ᛫ ᛁᛅᛚᛒᛁ ᛫ ᚭᚾᛋ ᛫ ᚭᛏ ᛫ ᚢᚴ ᛫ ᛋᛅᛚ ᛫ ᚢᚴ ᛫ ᚴᚢᛋ ᛫ ᛘᚢᚦᛁᛦ



tihrfʀ * uk ontsuar * uk fuluki * þiʀ * litu * risa * stin iftiʀ * kiʀbiarn * faþur * sin * kuþ * ialbi * ons * ot * uk * sal * uk * kus * muþiʀ


Old Norse

DiarfR ok Andsvarr ok Fullugi þæiR letu ræisa stæin æftiR GæiRbiorn, faður sinn. Guð hialpi hans and ok sal ok Guðs moðiR.



Djarfr and Andsvarr and Fullugi, they had the stone raised in memory of Geirbjǫrn, their father. May God and God’s mother help his spirit and soul.



Members of the Hammersby family have raised at least three runestones. The first stone raised was U 276 in style Pr 1 (c. 1010-1040), followed by U 273 in early style Pr 4 (c. 1070-1100) and lastly U 277 in style Pr 4 proper.


Djarf, Andsvar and Fullugi were all sons of Geirbjǫrn. Geirbjǫrn was married to Kætilgærð, who may have been the mother of all the brothers mentioned. Djarf was the first of the brothers to die. He may also have been the eldest son, as he is the first to be mentioned on U 276. Fullugi may have died before Andsvar, as he is not mentioned on U 277. It is not possible to discern how Ulf and Biorn (both mentioned on U 277) relate to the family, but they were probably sons of Geirbjǫrn too.



Hammarby, Uppland, Sweden

U 276


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