Jonas Lau Markussen

Runestone U 653

The carvings of the stone are in the runestone style Pr 2 (c. 1020-1050) pertaining to the late Ringerike style.


The inscription is not signed.


The gneiss stone is c. 2,15 m tall and 1,05 m wide. The inscription is 1,43 m tall and 0,85 wide.



Runic inscription

The first part of the rune text begins at the head end of the animal. The second part begins at the bottom of the cross going vertically towards the centre.



[1] × ᚦᚢᚱᚴᛁᛚ ᛫ ᚼᚢᚴ + ᚢᚠᚼᛁᚴᚱ × ᚼᚢᚴ × ᚦᚢᛋᛏᚼᛁᚾ + ᚦᛅᛁᛦ ‘ ᚴᛂᚱ(ᚦ)ᚢ ᛫ ᛦᛂᚱᚴᛁ + ᚦᛂᛋᛅ + ᛅᛏ ᛫ ᚢᛁᚠᛅᛋᛏ [2] ‘ ᚠᛅ[ᚦᚢᚱ ᛫ ᛋᛁ](ᚾ)



× þurkil * huk + ufhikr × huk × þusthin + þaiʀ ‘ ker(þ)u ‘ merki + þesa + at * uifast ‘ fa[þur * si](n)


Old Norse

Þorkell ok OfæigR ok Þorstæinn þæiR gærðu mærki þessa at Vifast, faður sinn.



Thorkell and Ófeigr and Thorsteinn, they made these landmarks in memory of Véfastr, their father.




Kumla, Uppland, Sweden

U 653



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