Jonas Lau Markussen

Style II C

The Anatomy of Germanic Art

 

 

 

 

 

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The Anatomy of Style II C

 

c. 600 – 700

 

 

 

Shapes

 

1. Visible background between the ribbon body outlines.
2. Spirals.
3. Head in profile.
4. Round Eyes.
5. Elongated jaws wit curved lips.
6. Teeth occur frequently.
7. Pointy chin.
8. Head-lappets occur.
9. Almond-shaped hips with an outlined sphere in the centre.
10. Open leaf-like feet with curved outlines.
11. Spiral back-toe.

 

 

Outlines

 

Even outlines without tapering or indents.

 

 

Flow

 

A preference for geometric curves.

 

A. S-shapes.
B. Single loops.
C. Figure-of-eights loops.
D. Pretzel-knots.

 

 

Pattern

 

  • Very tight interlace with more visible background.
  • Single-stranded ribbons.
  • Double-stranded ribbons.
  • Triple-stranded ribbons.
  • Background often visible between parallel strands.

 

 

 

Composition

 

  • Clear, almost-geometric composition as well as repetition of basic compositional lines.
  • A preference for compositions based on 2-fold rotational-symmetrical S-shapes (A, B).
  • Triskellion or swastika compositions of 3-fold and 4-fold rotational-symmetrical animal heads (D).
  • Main compositional lines follow diagonals (A, B, C).
  • Chains of overlapping S-shaped animals (C).

 

 

 

Motifs

 

  • Ribbon animals (A, B, C D).
  • Animal heads (A, C).
  • Four-legged animals (B, C).
  • Birds of prey (not shown).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Examples

 

 

Examples on Gelmir.com →

A list of examples with photos, info and links to sources.

 

 

 

Undateable

 

Animal-shaped mount

Ibestad, Troms, Norway.
Norges Arktiske Universitetsmuseum, Tromsø, Ts12569/1.

 

Brooch — Arnestad

Arnestad, Vestland, Norway.
Universitetsmuseet i Bergen, Bergen, B10058.

 

Brooch — Nørre Sandegård

Nørre Sandegård, Bornholm, Denmark.
Nationalmuseet, København, C31046.

 

Brooch — Ulstrup

Ulstrup, Sjælland, Denmark.
Nationalmuseet, København, C25060.

 

Horse harness mount

Eik, Telemark, Norway.
Kulturhistorisk Museum, Oslo, Ts12569/1.

 

Mount

Hamar, Hedmark, Norway.
Kulturhistorisk Museum, Oslo, C54135.

 

Oval animal-shaped brooch — Kvarøen Ytre

Kvarøen Ytre, Nordland, Norway.
Norges Arktiske Universitetsmuseum, Tromsø, Ts6377/c.

 

Round brooch — Bäcks

Bäcks, Gotland, Sweden.
Gotlands Museum, Visby, GFC7631.

 

Round brooch — Ollajvs

Ollajvs, Gotland, Sweden.
Gotlands Museum, Visby, GFC6303.

 

Shield mounts

Ultuna, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 371966.

 

Sword — Ultuna

Ultuna, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 265030.

 

Sword — Vendel, 122961

Vendel, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 122961.

 

Sword — Vendel, 264442

Vendel, Uppland, Sweden.
Historiska Museet, Stockholm, 264442.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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