Jonas Lau Markussen

Profile 1

In the same series:


The Runestone Styles


The Styles


The Stones




Pr 1


c. 1010 – 1040




Characterisation of the style

As defined by Anne-Sofie Gräslund



Overall impression

Compact, close and blunted. The curves of the animals are often a little angular and the bow line pressed together.



Normally with a very snub nose with a thick upper lip and a strong, steeply cut-off lip lappet.






High set, rounded and erect. The ears and one or more scrolls often form a “crown”.



Normally open, with a rather short lower lip.



Do not occur.



Rolled up, sometimes with a thumb-like protuberance downwards, or consisting of several scrolls of similar length.


Additional snakes

Do not occur.



One rune animal along the edge of the carved area is the most common, but two rune animals occur. Normally there is no over-crossing (i.e. the head cutting over the tail or vice versa).


Union Knot

Occur generally.



Very frequent.






Danske Runeindskrifter,

Gräslund, Anne-Sofie, 2006. ‘Dating the Swedish Viking-Age rune stones on stylistic grounds’. Runes and their Secrets – Studies in runology.

The Scandinavian Runic-text Data Base.

Sveriges runinskrifter.


Examples of Runestones in Pr 1

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